Most jobs require college experience

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Wednesday, April 30, 2014

MOST available entry-level job vacancies in 2011 to 2012 required college experience, a study conducted by the Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics (Bles) showed.

The Bles Integrated Survey conducted in 2011 but released this year showed that out of 387,039 vacancies from 12,778 establishments surveyed, 42.2 percent required applicants with college experience. Of the available jobs, 24.4 percent were for applicants with college degrees while 19.2 percent were for jobseekers with at least secondary education. Only 13.2 percent of the job vacancies required graduates of technical-vocational courses while just 0.4 percent of the vacancies did not specify educational preference.

Just 0.2 percent required those with primary education and 0.4 percent required postgraduate degree holders.


Survey coverage

The establishments covered in the survey included agricultural and non-agricultural firms employing 20 or more workers nationwide.

Seventy-five percent of the entry-level vacancies did not specify sex preference.

Those that did have preferences stated that this was mainly due to the nature of the job they were offering. Some 10 percent of vacancies indicated a preference for female applicants while 14.1 percent were specified for male applicants.

A little over thirty percent of the vacancies preferred workers between 25 and 30 years old while 28.7 percent preferred those between the ages of 15 and 24. A smaller portion, 3.5 percent, had entry-level vacancies for those over 30 years old while 13.8 percent stated no age preference.

Work experience

But when it comes to experience, most establishments prefer applicants that have prior work experience. Almost 75 percent considered applicants with work experience. Other factors they considered were location of residence (60.6 percent), degree or course (57.3 percent), character references (21.4 percent), grades (17.2 percent) and awards and recognition (10.4 percent). There were small considerations for religion (7.6 percent), school or university (3.4 percent) and ethnicity (2.1 percent).

Some of the most important skills that establishments wanted from applicants were teamwork and interpersonal skills, flexibility and adaptability skills, and communication skills.

But some establishments also placed importance on computing and mathematical skills (85.6 percent); problem solving and decision-making (84.9 percent); leadership, critical and creative thinking (82.6 percent) and organization, managing and planning skills (80.6 percent).


Skills considered add-ons but of “limited importance” in the hiring of applicants included machine and equipment operation skills (28.7 percent), IT and computer skills (25.1 percent), and negotiation skills (25 percent).

Employee referrals and walk-in applicants were the primary sources of applicants in filling up vacancies for entry level jobs. Fifty percent or less said their sources came from job portal postings, word-of-mouth, interns and apprentices, job fairs, school or company bulletins, newspaper ads, onsite recruitment and through private recruitment.

In determining the starting salary for entry-level jobs, 73.9 percent used the minimum wage orders mandated by the Department of Labor and Employment while 40.5 percent based their starting salary on the qualifications of the employee. Under 35 percent of the establishments said they had a standard internal pay scale.

Published in the Sun.Star Cebu newspaper on May 01, 2014.


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